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Know Your STDs and How to Prevent Them: Chlamydia

It’s not exactly pleasant to think about sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), but it’s important to know your facts. Knowledge is power when it comes to prevention and treatment, and that’s why we at TEST SMARTLY LABS are here. Read up, and take control of your sexual health.

One of the most common STDs is chlamydia.  According to the CDC, there are as many as 2.8 million new cases in the United States every year.

What causes chlamydia?

Chlamydia is caused by a type of bacteria called Chlamydia trachomatis. It can infect the urethra, rectum and eyes in men and women, as well as the cervix in women.

How can I get it?

Chlamydia is spread via vaginal, anal or oral sex. It can also be spread from eye to eye simply by touch, sharing towels or makeup, and by coughing or sneezing.  Chlamydia can also be passed to an infant during childbirth.

How will I know if I have it?

Symptoms of chlamydia typically emerge one to three weeks after infection, but in some cases they don’t show up until later.

Many women don’t show any symptoms at all, which is why the disease is known as the “Silent Epidemic.”  Possible symptoms include abnormal vaginal bleeding or discharge, abdominal pain, pain during sex, fever, pain during urination, or the urge to urinate more frequently.

Symptoms in men include pain or burning during urination, abnormal discharge from the penis, swollen or tender testicles and fever.

What are the complications?

In women, untreated chlamydia can lead to Pelvic Inflammatory Disease, which can cause scarring of the reproductive organs, chronic pelvic pain, fertility issues, and complications in pregnancy.

In men, the infection can spread to the testicles, causing a condition called epididymitis, which can in rare cases cause sterility if not treated within six to eight weeks.  Chlamydia is also related to inflammation of the prostate.

Is it treatable?

Yes, chlamydia can be treated and cured with antibiotics.

How can I prevent it?

Use a condom every time you have sex.

How can I get tested?

TEST SMARTLY LABS offers twenty testing locations across the United States. We offer secure specimen control, accurate and reliable results, and complete confidentiality at low prices without the hassle or cost of a doctor’s visit.  Use the drop-down menu at the top of this page under Prevention Sites or visit our website to find a location near you.


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  1. Pingback by Your Teen & STDs « Stop Teen Drugs on May 9, 2012 at 8:49 am

    […] common STDs among teens are chlamydia and gonorrhea (also known as “The Clap.”) These are both bacterial infections that can […]

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