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The Basics on Viral STDs

Viral STDs

When it comes to STDs, most people don’t have much knowledge on the topic beyond what STD stands for and the basics on prevention.

One differentiation between bacterial STDs and viral STDs is not always so obvious to the layman.

Today, we’re explaining what separates the two and profiling a few of the most common viral STDs.

Viral vs. Bacterial STDs: What’s the Difference?

Bacterial STDs such as syphilis, chlamydia, and gonorrhea are all caused by bacteria that can be targeted and cured with antibiotics.

Viral STDs, on the other hand, are caused by viruses that cannot be cured. Symptoms of viral STDs, which include HIV, herpes, HPV, and hepatitis, can be treated, but antibiotics are ineffective in treatment.

Common Viral STDs

Although you may not have know the difference between bacterial and viral STDs, you have likely heard of some of the common viral STDs. They include:

  • Human PapillomavirusIt’s estimated that there are more cases of human papillomavirus, or HPV, than any other STI. Per the American Social Health Association, 5.5 million new cases of HPV are reported each year, adding to the already 20 million infected individuals.
  • HerpesThe number of individuals infected with genital herpes has increased 30% since the late 1970s. The biggest increases occur in young teens, which HSV-2 infection becoming more common in the 3 youngest age groups from 12-39 years.
  • HepatitisHepatitis B, C, and D are the most common forms of hepatitis spread through sexual contact. Hepatitis A can also be spread sexually. There are vaccines that can prevent hepatitis A and B; the B vaccine is recommended at birth, while the A vaccine is recommended at age 1.

Testing for Viral STDs

TEST SMARTLY LABS nationwide can test you for viral STDs. We provide screening for hepatitis B and C, herpes I and II, HIV, and bacterial STDs. To monitor your sexual health, contact your nearest TEST SMARTLY LABS today.

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